Hasmoneans


Hasmoneans
The Jewish dynasty deriving from Mattathias (166 BCE), usually known as the Maccabees [[➝ Maccabees, books of]]. The sons of Mattathias, Judas, Jonathan, and Simon, led the war against the Syrian generals and from Simon's time in 142 BCE the Hasmoneans ruled Judah until 63 BCE. John Hyrcanus (134– 104 BCE) was the first of the Hasmoneans to call himself king. His successors were Aristobulus Ⅰ (104–103), Alexander Jannaeus (103–76), and Alexandra (76–67), wife of the two preceding kings. Because the Hasmonean kings were also high priests, her eldest son Hyrcanus became high priest. Aristobulus Ⅱ (67–63) was the last of the line before the coming of the Romans; though the younger son of Alexandra, he ejected Hyrcanus from the high priesthood.

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  • HASMONEANS — (Gr. ʾΑσαμωναίος; Heb. חַשְׁמוֹנָאִים), title for Maccabees in Josephus (Ant., 12:263), Mishnah (Mid. 1:6), and Talmud (Shab. 21b), but nowhere occurring in the Book of Maccabees. Josephus derives the name from the great grandfather of Mattathias …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hasmoneans — n. priestly family of Jews in the Kingdom of Judea (1st and 2nd centuries B.C.)n. member of a priestly family of Jews in the Kingdom of Judea (1st and 2nd centuries B.C.) adj. of or pertaining to the Hasmoneans (Jewish priestly family in Judea… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Hasmoneans —    The Judean dynasty that started with the Maccabean revolt against Seleucid rule in the mid 2 century BC and ended with the death of Antigonus in 37 BC …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Hasmonean — Infobox Former Country native name = conventional long name = Hasmonean Kingdom common name = continent = Asia region = Levant country = era = Hellenistic Age status = Jewish theocracy government type = Jewish theocracy with priestly king year… …   Wikipedia

  • EreẒ ISRAEL – SECOND TEMPLE — ptolemaic rule seleucid rule the hasmonean revolt independent judea hasmonean rule the roman province Herod s Rule under the procurators …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Judaism — /jooh dee iz euhm, day , deuh /, n. 1. the monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the… …   Universalium

  • SCROLL OF ANTIOCHUS — (Heb. מְגִלַּת אַנְטִיוֹכוֹס) or Scroll of the Hasmoneans (Heb. מְגִלַּת בֵּית חַשְׁמוֹנַאי), popular account of the wars of the Hasmoneans and of the origin of the festival of Ḥanukkah . The scroll has been handed down in several Aramaic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤANUKKAH — (Heb. חֲנֻכָּה; dedication ), an annual eight day festival commencing on the 25th of Kislev. According to a well founded tradition it was instituted by judah maccabee and his followers. The term ḥanukkah is found in Hebrew and in Aramaic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ARCHAEOLOGY — The term archaeology is derived from the Greek words archaios ( ancient ) and logos ( knowledge, discourse ) and was already used in ancient Greek literature in reference to the study of ancient times. In its modern sense it has come to mean the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HASMONEAN BET DIN — (Heb. בֵּית דִּין שֶׁל חַשְׁמוֹנָאִים); according to a talmudic source (Sanh. 82a; Av. Zar. 36b) the court of the Hasmoneans decreed that an Israelite who had intercourse with a heathen woman is liable to punishment on account of נשג״א (NShGA), a …   Encyclopedia of Judaism